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Argentina - country located in southern South America, near Chile, uruguay, bolivia, paraguay and Brazil

Argentina is a country located in southern South America, near Chile, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. This country is the second largest in all of South America and Antarctic also has field.

Normally during the winter it snows in the southern part thanks to that is very far away from the equatorial line
In the north of the country are regions of dense some sectors, the same is covered by forest and in others it is jungle, composed of the Chaco region and Esteros del Ibera. These areas of abundant vegetation are mixed with other extensive areas of palm trees and grassland.

The missionary region is a different region, being an extension of the sierras of Brazil, with low but rugged mountain ranges, with a subtropical climate, very wet and jungle vegetation.

In the center-west of the country is the region of Cuyo, which is formed by the provinces of San Juan, Mendoza, San Luis, where is dominated by a mountainous relief, serrano, with sparse vegetation.
In the northeast and central-east of the country are located the most important rivers, which correspond to the Plata Basin.
Argentina was a Spanish colony at thebeginning of 1527, here it was not like that in Mexico, but here they killed all the Indians that were, that meant the population outside completely white; its independence was in the year 1816; after the second world war many Italians and Germans were illegal migrants to Argentina through which the allies were looking for.
The Argentine literature occupies a prominent place within the literature in Spanish, with exponents of the late nineteenth century as Jose Hernandez.
Tango is a style of music and a dance born in the Buenos Aires suburbs with international dissemination, linked strongly with Argentina and Uruguay, but especially with Buenos Aires.

a. Led by Jiang Jieshi, both parties launched Northern Expedition to reunify China
b. Successful, Jiang then turned on his communist allies
c. 1934-1935, CCP retreated to Yan'an on the Long March, 6,215 miles
5. Mao emerged as the leader of CCP, developed Maoist ideology
C. Imperial and Imperialist Japan
1. Japan emerged from Great War as a world power
a. Participated in the League of Nations
b. Signed treaty with United States guaranteeing China's integrity
2. Japanese economy boosted by war: sold munitions to Allies
a. Prosperity short-lived; economy slumped during Great Depression
b. Labor unrest, demands for social reforms
3. Political conflict emerged between internationalists, supporters of western-style capitalism, and nationalists, hostile to foreign influences
4. The Mukden incident, 1931, in Manchuria
a. Chinese unification threatened Japanese interests in Manchuria
b. Japanesetroops destroyed tracks on Japanese railroad, claimed Chinese attack
c. Incident became pretext for Japanese attack against China
5. Military, acting without civilian authority, took all Manchuria by 1932
6. League of Nations called for withdrawal of Japanese troops and restoration of Chinese sovereignty; Japan responded by leaving the League
7. The new militant Japanese national identity helped set the stage for global conflagration

II. Africa under colonial domination
A. Africa and the Great War
1. Many belligerents were colonial powers in Africa; nearly every colony took sides
2. German colonial administration faced combined colonial forces of Great Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, and Portugal
a. Britain sought to maintain naval supremacy and to secure victor's spoils after war
b. France sought recovery of territory earlier ceded to Germany
c. Germans, outnumbered ten to one, could not win but 15,000 troops tied down 60,000 Allied forces until late in the war
3. Large numbers of Africans participated actively in the war as soldiers or carriers
a. Some volunteered; some were impressed; some were formally conscripted
b. Greater than 150,000 African soldiers and carriers died and many were injured or disabled
4. During the war, Africans challenged European colonial authority
a. Colonial subjects noticed that an already thin European presence became even thinner as war channeled colonial personnel elsewhere
b. Africans stage armed revolts, requiring colonial powers to divert military resources to meet these challenges
c. The cause of revolts varied but they included pan-Islamicopposition to war; anti-European and anti-Christian sentiment; and compulsory conscription of Africans
5. Colonial authorities ruthlessly put down all the revolts
B. The colonial economy
1. After the war, Africa was transformed by the pursuit of two economic objectives by colonial powers
a. Ensuring that the costs of colonial administration were borne by the colonized
b. Developing export-oriented economies in which unprocessed raw materials or minimally processed crops were sent abroad
2. Previously self-sufficient African economies were destroyed in favor of colonial economies dependent upon a European-dominated economy
3. During the Great Depression, colonial economies suffered as trade volume and prices fell dramatically
4. Africa's economic integration required infrastructure
a. Port facilities, roads, railways, and telegraph wires were built or installed
b. Infrastructure facilitated conquest and rule, but also linked the agricultural and mineral wealth of the colony to the outside world
c. Europeans and their businesses were the main beneficiaries of modern infrastructure, even though Africans paid for it with labor and taxes
5. Farming and mining were the main enterprises in colonial economies
a. Whites owned the enterprises, and used taxation policies to drive Africans in the labor market
b. Africans became cash crop farmers or wage laborers on plantations or in mines in order to pay taxes levied on land, houses, livestock, and peoples themselves
c. Large areas of richly productive lands were controlled by Europeans
d. Colonial mining enterprises recruited men from rural areas andpaid them minimal wages, which impoverished rural areas
e. Officials resorted to outright forced labor where taxation policies failed to create a suitable native labor force
f. Forced labor essentially a variant of slavery and could be quite brutal, especially among laborers forced to work on road and railway projects, in which many thousands of workers died from starvation, disease, and maltreatment
C. African Nationalism
1. After the war, ideas concerning self-determination gained acceptance among a group of African nationalists, giving rise to incipient nationalist movemen The Argentine cinema is, historically, one of the most developed in Latin America.
Argentine cuisine stands out primarily for beef and wines, as well as by a broad provision of foods of all types at prices relatively desperately low wages. can be considered basically configured on the food cultures of the andean pre-columbian civilizations and Guaraní, colonial and then, although the main feature of the Argentine cuisine are the very strong influences of the Italian and Spanish cuisines.

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