What do we
really know about Canada?
Canada is the second largest country in the world and it is located in the
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North
Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north besides it is
located on the north of the conterminous US.
Canada´s capital is Ottawa
and some other important cities are:Toronto,
Montreal, and Vancouver, among others.
In this presentation we will be discussing three main points about Canada:
its history, its government and its culture.
Before we start I would like to give some extra information about this
Languages: English, FrenchMonetary unit: Canadian dollar
Population (2012 est.): 34,300,083
Infant mortality rate: 4.85/1000
Life expectancy: 81.48 years
Of all of the world's producers of natural gas, copper, zinc, nickel, aluminum,
and gold, Canada is in the top five
Religions: Roman Catholic 44.4%, Protestant 29%, other Christian 4.2%,Muslim
2%, other 4%.
The first inhabitants of Canada
were native Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit (Eskimo). The Norse explorer
Leif Eriksson probably reached the shores of Canada
(Labrador or Nova Scotia) in 1000, but the
history of the white man in the country actually began in 1497, when John
Cabot, anItalian in the service of Henry VII of England,
reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia.
Canada was taken for France in 1534
by Jacques Cartier. The actual settlement of New France, as it was then called,
began in 1604 at Port Royal in what is now Nova Scotia;
in 1608, Quebec
was founded. France's
colonization efforts were not very successful, but French explorers by the end
of the 17th century had penetrated beyond the Great Lakes to the western
prairies and south along the Mississippi to
the Gulf of Mexico.
Meanwhile, the English Hudson's Bay Company had been established in 1670.
Because of the valuable fisheries and fur trade, a conflict developed between
the French and English; in 1713, Newfoundland,
Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia (Acadia) were lost
to England.During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest, and the British
general James Wolfe won his famous victory over Gen. Louis Montcalm outside Quebec on Sept. 13,
1759. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England control.
At that time the population of Canada
was almost entirely French, but in the next few decades, thousands of British
colonists emigrated to Canada
from the British Isles and from the American
colonies. In 1849, the right of Canada
to self-government was recognized.
Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)
Governor-General: DavidLloyd Johnston (since 2010)
Prime Minister: Stephen Harper (since 2006)
Canada is a federation of ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba,
New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward
Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories,
Yukon, and Nunavut). Formally considered a constitutional monarchy, Canada is
governed by its own House of Commons. While the governor-general is officially
the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, in reality the governor-general acts
only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister.
is culturally diverse. This goes back to the 1890s when it began inviting
people from all over the world to settle in the country to help it develop and
grow. Canadian immigration policy was historically open, welcoming and
egalitarian in its philosophy. This has also manifest into the psyche of the
nation where people are encouraged and to retain their cultural identities,
traditions, languages and customs.
Canadians are generally a tolerant, polite and extremely community-oriented
people. Although they are individualistic in terms of their basic cultural
traits, they nevertheless place a great deal of emphasis on the individual's
responsibility to the community. This is seen as giving balance and a good
quality of life.